Homeschooling Laws in America



Homeschooling is a hot button issue in the culture wars. Presently, the power to educate one's child is legal in all 50 states. However, regulation of homeschooling varies from state to state. Some states give parents complete freedom to educate their child; others require strict curriculum and achievement tests. 


The debate over homeschooling has found its way to the courts. The fundamental issue with homeschooling is whether parental choice is protected under the Constitution. Those in favor argue that the Constitution protects such rights and liberties. Others advance the leftwing position that the State is solely responsible for educating the child (many advanced nations outlaw homeschooling). Pro-homeschooling legal groups like HSLDA have vigorously fought on behalf of tens of thousands of families to ensure the freedom to homeschool without having to face legal threats alone.


State Regulations


As stated above, each state has its own set of regulations, which are broken down into six main issues:

  1. Notification of Homeschooling. In thirty-nine states, parents must notify local school districts that their children will be homeschooled; the other 11 states do not have a reporting requirement. 
  2. Parent Education Minimums. In most states, there isn't a minimum parental education requirement. In other words, parents don't need a college degree or even a high school diploma to teach their children. However, some states require parents to be, in ambiguous terms, "competent" or "capable" to educate their child.
  3. Criminal Bans. Two states prohibit parents with a certain criminal history from educating their children.
  4. State Mandated Subjects. Thirty-three states require parents to teach certain subjects, but 22 of those students don't have a procedure to enforce that requirement. 
  5. Assessment Requirements. Unlike public schools, homeschool students are largely exempt from standardized assessment requirements. Some states require portfolio reviews as proof of educational progress. 
  6. Vaccination Requirements. The vast majority of states don’t require homeschoolers to be vaccinated. With that states that do, proof of immunization is not submitted to any authority.


A noticeable pattern is that many states have regulations but not the means to enforce them. Typically, this indicates that the regulations are rammed through by secular progressive politicians with pressure from teachers unions.  In other words, ideology motivates the majority of these laws, which are enacted as part of a push to destroy the family and the parents' role as true educators of their children.


Ten States with Greatest Homeschooling Freedom


  1. Alaska
  2. Connecticut
  3. Idaho
  4. Illinois
  5. Indiana
  6. Michigan
  7. Missouri
  8. New Jersey
  9. Oklahoma
  10. Texas


Sources: Education regulations and bylaws for all 50 states, Department of Education, Coalition for Responsible Home Education, Home School Legal Defense Association







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